Поисковое чтение с целью определения наличия в тексте запрашиваемой информации
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1. The family, a basic social group united through bonds of kinship or marriage, has been present in all societies. Ideally, the family provides its members with protection, companionship, security, and socialization. The structure of the family and the needs that the family fulfils vary from society to society. The nuclear family – two adults and their children – is the main unit in some societies. In others, it is a subordinate part of an extended family, which also consists of grandparents and other relatives. A third family unit is the single-parent family, in which children live with an unmarried, divorced, or widowed mother or farther.
2. Historical studies have shown that family structure has been less changed by urbanization and industrialization than was once supposed. The nuclear family was the most prevalent pre-industrial unit and is still the basic unit of social organization. The modern family differs from earlier traditional forms, however, in its functions, composition, and life cycle and in the roles of husbands and wives.
3. The only function of the family that continues to survive all change is the provision of affection and emotional support by and to all its members, particularly infants and young children. Specialized institutions now perform many of the other functions that were once performed by the agrarian family: economic production, education, religion, and recreation. Jobs are usually separate from the family group; family members often work in different occupations and in locations away from the home. Education is provided by the state or by private groups. The family is still responsible for the socialization of children.
+ As to the structure of the family, there are three different family units in the society.
− The modern family has the same functions as earlier traditional forms.
− The nuclear family consists of two adults, their children, and other relatives.
− One of the main functions of the modern family is to provide children with education.
Чтобы правильно выполнить задание, следует знать алгоритм обработки текстовой информации и, прочитав текст, определить наличие в тексте информации, соответствующей его содержанию. Утверждение «As to the structure of the family, there are three different family units in the society» («Что касается структуры семьи, в обществе существуют три различных типа семьи») соответствует содержанию текста: «The nuclear family… is the main unit in some societies. In others, it is a subordinate part of an extended family… A third family unit is the single-parent family…» («Полная семья… – это основной тип в некоторых обществах. В других – это составная часть большой семьи… Третий тип семьи – семья с одним родителем…») (фрагмент 1).
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