Изучающее чтение с элементами аннотирования


Прочитайте текст и выполните задания.
1. The family, a basic social group united through bonds of kinship or marriage, has been present in all societies. Ideally, the family provides its members with protection, companionship, security, and socialization. The structure of the family and the needs that the family fulfils vary from society to society. The nuclear family – two adults and their children – is the main unit in some societies. In others, it is a subordinate part of an extended family, which also consists of grandparents and other relatives. A third family unit is the single-parent family, in which children live with an unmarried, divorced, or widowed mother or farther.
2. Historical studies have shown that family structure has been less changed by urbanization and industrialization than was once supposed. The nuclear family was the most prevalent pre-industrial unit and is still the basic unit of social organization. The modern family differs from earlier traditional forms, however, in its functions, composition, and life cycle and in the roles of husbands and wives.
3. The only function of the family that continues to survive all change is the provision of affection and emotional support by and to all its members, particularly infants and young children. Specialized institutions now perform many of the other functions that were once performed by the agrarian family: economic production, education, religion, and recreation. Jobs are usually separate from the family group; family members often work in different occupations and in locations away from the home. Education is provided by the state or by private groups. The family is still responsible for the socialization of children.

+ nuclear family

 single-parent family

 family consisting of many relatives

 agrarian family
Чтобы правильно выполнить задание, следует знать алгоритм обработки текстовой информации и, прочитав текст, завершить утверждение согласно содержанию текста.
Утверждение «The main unit of social organization is associated with the…» («Основная единица социальной организации ассоциируется с…») следует закончить вариантом ответа «nuclear family» («небольшой полной семьей»), так как именно это утверждение соответствует содержанию текста.
Согласно тексту: «The nuclear family… is… the basic unit of social organization» («Небольшая полная семья… является… основной единицей социальной организации») (фрагмент 2).
ответ тест i-exam