Поисковое чтение с целью определения наличия в тексте запрашиваемой информации


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1. Electricity is a flow of negative charges called electrons. These electric charges are measured in units called coulombs. Electricity is a very versatile form of energy that can be converted into many other forms of energy, including light and heat, direct current (DC), which flows in one direction only, and alternating current (AC), which changes direction 60 times per second.
2. An electric circuit is an unbroken conducting path from, and back to, a power supply. It has three main parts: the power supply, the conductor, and the load. The power is provided by a generator or battery, the conductor carries the current, and the load is an electric device such as a lamp.
3. Unlike current electricity, static electricity does not flow. It is created when an electrically neutral substance loses or gains electrons, making it, respectively, positively or negatively charged. You can create static electricity by rubbing a balloon on your clothing. Electrons will move from the clothing to the balloon, making the balloon negatively charged and the clothing positively charged. The resulting static electricity on each will attract small, light objects such as pieces of paper.

+ Electricity can be changed into various energy forms.

 There exist two different types of electricity.

 An electric circuit exists in every type of electricity.

 People are able to create static and resulting electricity themselves.
Чтобы правильно выполнить задание, следует знать алгоритм обработки текстовой информации и, прочитав текст, определить наличие в тексте информации, соответствующей его содержанию. Утверждение «Electricity can be changed into various energy forms» («Электричество может быть превращено в различные формы энергии») соответствует содержанию текста: «Electricity is a very versatile form of energy that can be converted into many other forms of energy…» («Электричество – это очень изменчивая форма энергии, которая может быть превращена во многие различные формы энергии…») (фрагмент 1).
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